Pacific US/Canada

Competitive Alternatives 2016 includes business cost rankings for more than 100 cities in 10 countries. This page highlights the results for 14 cities in the Pacific US/Canada region.

Pacific US/Canada
Regional RankCityOverall
1Kelowna, BC85.5
2Vancouver, BC86.2
3Boise, ID94.3
4Spokane, WA96.0
5Portland, OR97.6
6Las Vegas, NV98.0
7Sacramento, CA98.5
8Riverside-San Bernardino, CA98.5
9San Diego, CA99.9
10Seattle, WA100.8
11Los Angeles, CA100.8
12Honolulu, HI103.9
13San Francisco, CA104.5
14Anchorage, AK108.1
1  Business costs are expressed as an index. An index below 100 indicates lower costs than the US baseline. An index over 100 indicates higher costs than the US baseline. (e.g., an index of 95.0 represents costs 5.0% below the US baseline.) US Baseline is the average of the four largest US metro areas.

The Pacific region of the US and Canada represents the most costly region in this study. Business costs for the two Canadian cities in this region are above the Canadian average, while average costs for the 12 US cities compared exceed the US base. Only eight cities in the study have business costs above the US baseline, with five of them being in the Pacific region.

The current high value of the US dollar provides a strong cost advantage for the Canadian cities compared, Kelowna and Vancouver, relative to their US regional counterparts. These cities enjoy a business cost advantage of more than 8.0 percentage points over Boise, Spokane and Portland, the lowest cost US cities in the region.

Business costs in Las Vegas, Sacramento, Riverside-San Bernardino and San Diego are below, but within 2.0 percent of, the US baseline. Costs in Seattle and Los Angeles are similar, at 0.8 percent above the US baseline.

Business costs in Honolulu and San Francisco are well above the US baseline, but are still lower than in New York City. Meanwhile, Anchorage represents the most expensive city examined in this study, with business costs 8.1 percent above the US baseline.

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