Summary results for four key sectors: digital services, R&D services, corporate services and manufacturing.
Compare total tax cost rankings for 10 countries, four key industry sectors and all cities featured in the study.
Country-by-country summaries highlight the study results for each country, its sectors, cities and cost trends.
Overview summaries for all 19 industry-specific business operations analyzed in Competitive Alternatives.
Summary results for 111 featured cities are presented by region: Asia Pacific, Europe and five major regions within North America.
Profiles of all 133 cities included in Competitive Alternatives provide an overview of study results and key socio-economic information.
Since 1996, Competitive Alternatives has been providing insight into business location costs in cities and countries around the world, with special focus on North America and leading mature market economies in Europe and Asia-Pacific.
If you would like more information, download the executive summary or the study report.
Colliers International gathered all real estate, construction and leasing data required for this study.
MMK Consulting was the project manager for KPMG for the research and analytical phases of this project.
KPMG provides audit, tax and advisory services.
We work closely with our clients, helping them to mitigate risks and grasp opportunities.