Summary results for four key sectors: digital services, R&D services, corporate services and manufacturing.
Compare total tax cost rankings for 10 countries, four key industry sectors and all cities featured in the study.
Country-by-country summaries highlight the study results for each country, its sectors, cities and cost trends.
Overview summaries for all 19 industry-specific business operations analyzed in Competitive Alternatives.
Summary results for 111 featured cities are presented by region: Asia Pacific, Europe and five major regions within North America.
Profiles of all 133 cities included in Competitive Alternatives provide an overview of study results and key socio-economic information.
Results for specific business operations form the basis for comparing major sectors.
Video game production studio
Salary levels and benefit costs for creative and technical IT professionals, plus incentives for digital media
Clinical trials management
Electronic systems development and testing
Tax and incentive treatment of R&D expenditures
International financial services
Shared services center
Labor costs for entry level admin and customer service staff, as well as salary levels for finance professionals
12 industry-specific operations
(as listed on the Industries page)
Costs for globally sourced parts, materials and machinery are similar by location, resulting in moderate cost differences among countries
If you would like more information, download the executive summary or the study report.
Colliers International gathered all real estate, construction and leasing data required for this study.
MMK Consulting was the project manager for KPMG for the research and analytical phases of this project.
KPMG provides audit, tax and advisory services.
We work closely with our clients, helping them to mitigate risks and grasp opportunities.